Read all about the Florence baptistery and see detailed images of its famous art work below. Brief History The history of the Florence baptistery is a bit sketchy.
Dome Added By Filippo Brunelleschi. The Cathedral The cathedral or duomo of florence as we see it today is the end result of years of work that covered over six centuries of history. Its basic architectural project was designed by arnolfo di cambio at the end of the 13th century;The cupola that has made it a symbol for the whole of tuscany was created by genius of the renaissance, filippo brunelleschi, while the facade that completed it was carried out as late as the late 19th century.
A whole series of structural and decorative interventions to both the exterior and the interior that were to enrich the history of the monument were carried out during this space of time: Locality For years now, the center of florentine religious life has been the area known, respectively, as "piazza san giovanni" and "piazza del duomo".
The next main church and cathedral was the basilica of Santa Reparata, martyr, which - as can be deduced from recent excavations - was built in the 5th or 6th century.
When the mosaic decoration of the baptistery was nearly complete, in the last decades of the 13th century, the Florentine government decided to build a new cathedral.
The old duomo, dedicated to Santa Reparata, was "crumbling with age", as a document of the time attests. And in that era of dramatic population growth, the old cathedral was "small in comparison to so great a city", according to villani.
Thus the dream of an enormous church, far bigger than the cathedrals of pisa and siena, the rival tuscan cities, was born. Florence wanted her duomo to be grander in size and in exterior adornment, "all in marble and with carved figures" reliefs and statuesas Villani says. The radiating eastern chapels were finished in the early s, and the gigantic dome designed by filippo brunelleschi was completed in just 16 years, from to ; "A structure so immense, so steeply rising toward the sky, that it covers all tuscans with its shadow", as Leon Battista Alberti wrote at that time.
The relative bareness of the interior of santa maria del fiore corresponds to the austere spiritual ideal of florence in the middle ages and early renaissance; It suggests, in architectural terms, the spirituality of the great reformers of florentine religious life, from saint john gualbert to saint antoninus and fra girolamo savonarola.
The formal matrix is two-fold: The enrichment of the interior with splendid pavements in colored marble, and temple-niches on the walls, in fact belongs to a later period, under the patronage of the grand dukes in the 16th century.
Iconography Santa maria del fiore was built with public funds as a "state church", and important works of art in the side aisles constitute a "civic program" honoring illustrious men.
Besides this civic iconography, there is a religious program as well, occupying the area of the cathedral meant for worship.Book your Florence Cathedral tickets online and skip-the-line!Easy online booking · Best price guarantee · Skip the line tickets · Best selectionTypes: Walking Tours, Art & Museum Tours, Museum Tickets, Bus & Minivan Tours.
Lorenzo Ghiberti, "Gates of Paradise," East Doors of the Florence Baptistery, bronze, Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker and Dr.
Beth Harris. In twelve Dominican friars led by Fra Giovanni da Salerno came from Bologna and two years later obtained as their Florentine dwelling the church of Santa Maria delle Vigne, outside the city walls.
Florence is chock full of Italy’s finest Renaissance art, history and architecture.
It’s a must-see for visitors to Italy and one of the world’s most famous cultural cities. But rising above all these masterpieces, both literally, and some would argue figuratively, is the colossal Florence. Buy your Florence Duomo Museum complex tour with Cathedral, Crypt, Dome, Baptistery, Bell Tower and Opera del Duomo.
All the monuments in Piazza Duomo in one tour! If you want to catch those iconic, sweeping views of Florence you've seen in postcards, head to Piazzale Michelangelo.
From an elevated position overlooking the city, the fabulous views take in the city's fortified walls, the River Arno, the tower of the Palazzo Vecchio and, of course, the round red dome of the Duomo.