Although sadness or the cause of the feeling may be unpleasant, sadness is a healthy emotion. However, depressive disorders differ from sadness in key ways. If feelings of sadness, lethargy, guilt, and similar emotions begin to impact normal daily living for two or more weeks without relief, and they begin to hinder an individual from performing daily tasks, this may indicate the presence of a depressive disorder. Common symptoms of depression include feelings of emptiness, sadness, irritability, and possible somatic aches and pains.
Print Overview Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems.
You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn't worth living. More than just a bout of the blues, depression isn't a weakness and you can't simply "snap out" of it.
Depression may require long-term treatment. But don't get discouraged. Most people with depression feel better with medication, psychotherapy or both. Depression care at Mayo Clinic Symptoms Although depression may occur only once during your life, people typically have multiple episodes.
During these episodes, symptoms occur most of the day, nearly every day and may include: Some people may feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why. Depression symptoms in children and teens Common signs and symptoms of depression in children and teenagers are similar to those of adults, but there can be some differences.
In younger children, symptoms of depression may include sadness, irritability, clinginess, worry, aches and pains, refusing to go to school, or being underweight. In teens, symptoms may include sadness, irritability, feeling negative and worthless, anger, poor performance or poor attendance at school, feeling misunderstood and extremely sensitive, using recreational drugs or alcohol, eating or sleeping too much, self-harm, loss of interest in normal activities, and avoidance of social interaction.
Depression symptoms in older adults Depression is not a normal part of growing older, and it should never be taken lightly.
Unfortunately, depression often goes undiagnosed and untreated in older adults, and they may feel reluctant to seek help.
Symptoms of depression may be different or less obvious in older adults, such as: Memory difficulties or personality changes Physical aches or pain Fatigue, loss of appetite, sleep problems or loss of interest in sex — not caused by a medical condition or medication Often wanting to stay at home, rather than going out to socialize or doing new things Suicidal thinking or feelings, especially in older men When to see a doctor If you feel depressed, make an appointment to see your doctor or mental health professional as soon as you can.
If you're reluctant to seek treatment, talk to a friend or loved one, any health care professional, a faith leader, or someone else you trust.
When to get emergency help If you think you may hurt yourself or attempt suicide, call or your local emergency number immediately. Also consider these options if you're having suicidal thoughts: Call your doctor or mental health professional. Call a suicide hotline number — in the U. Use that same number and press "1" to reach the Veterans Crisis Line.
Reach out to a close friend or loved one. Contact a minister, spiritual leader or someone else in your faith community.
If you have a loved one who is in danger of suicide or has made a suicide attempt, make sure someone stays with that person. Call or your local emergency number immediately. Or, if you think you can do so safely, take the person to the nearest hospital emergency room.
As with many mental disorders, a variety of factors may be involved, such as: People with depression appear to have physical changes in their brains.
The significance of these changes is still uncertain, but may eventually help pinpoint causes. Neurotransmitters are naturally occurring brain chemicals that likely play a role in depression.
Recent research indicates that changes in the function and effect of these neurotransmitters and how they interact with neurocircuits involved in maintaining mood stability may play a significant role in depression and its treatment.
Changes in the body's balance of hormones may be involved in causing or triggering depression. Hormone changes can result with pregnancy and during the weeks or months after delivery postpartum and from thyroid problems, menopause or a number of other conditions.
Depression is more common in people whose blood relatives also have this condition. Researchers are trying to find genes that may be involved in causing depression. Risk factors Depression often begins in the teens, 20s or 30s, but it can happen at any age. More women than men are diagnosed with depression, but this may be due in part because women are more likely to seek treatment.
Factors that seem to increase the risk of developing or triggering depression include: Certain personality traits, such as low self-esteem and being too dependent, self-critical or pessimistic Traumatic or stressful events, such as physical or sexual abuse, the death or loss of a loved one, a difficult relationship, or financial problems Blood relatives with a history of depression, bipolar disorder, alcoholism or suicide Being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, or having variations in the development of genital organs that aren't clearly male or female intersex in an unsupportive situation History of other mental health disorders, such as anxiety disorder, eating disorders or post-traumatic stress disorder Abuse of alcohol or recreational drugs Serious or chronic illness, including cancer, stroke, chronic pain or heart disease Certain medications, such as some high blood pressure medications or sleeping pills talk to your doctor before stopping any medication Complications Depression is a serious disorder that can take a terrible toll on you and your family.
Depression often gets worse if it isn't treated, resulting in emotional, behavioral and health problems that affect every area of your life. Examples of complications associated with depression include: Excess weight or obesity, which can lead to heart disease and diabetes Pain or physical illness Anxiety, panic disorder or social phobia Family conflicts, relationship difficulties, and work or school problems Social isolation Suicidal feelings, suicide attempts or suicide Self-mutilation, such as cutting Premature death from medical conditions Prevention There's no sure way to prevent depression.Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the United States age 18 and older, or % of the population every year.
Anxiety disorders are highly treatable, yet only % of those suffering receive treatment. Depression statistics. Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders in the United States and it’s only been in the past few decades that depression in .
Depression, bipolar disorder, and other conditions can be as disabling as any physical illness. Mental health problems are the most common reason that people file for Social Security disability. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum), an herb used extensively in the treatment of mild to moderate depression in Europe, has aroused interest in the United States.
St. Causes and Effects of The Great Depression in the United States Words | 5 Pages. Great Depression is a defining moment in time for not only American, but world history. Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems.