Case Study Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. Assignment Question Lou, the owner of a tea wholesaling company, decided about a year ago that product quality of some imported sources was too variable. To improve consistency of the product Lou decided he would employ someone to test samples of imported product and grade them.
It defines risk as: Exposure to the possibility of loss, injury, or other adverse or unwelcome circumstance; a chance or situation involving such a possibility.
This definition, using project terminology, is easily made universal by removing references to projects. The possibility that an actual return on an investment will be lower than the expected return. A situation where the probability of a variable such as burning down of a building is known but when a mode of occurrence or the actual value of the occurrence whether the fire will occur at a particular property is not.
The probability of a loss or drop in value.
Risk is the potential of gaining or losing something of value. Values (such as physical health, social status, emotional well-being, or financial wealth) can be gained or lost when taking risk resulting from a given action or inaction, foreseen or unforeseen (planned or not planned).Risk can also be defined as the intentional interaction with uncertainty. Mar 08, · The High Court in Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd 33 outlined the multi-indicia approach: The existence of control, whilst significant, is not the sole criterion by which to gauge whether a relationship is one of employment. Free business law papers, essays, and research papers.
Trading risk is divided into two general categories: Also called market risk. Also called non-market risk, extra-market risk or diversifiable risk. Product of the consequence and probability of a hazardous event or phenomenon. For example, the risk of developing cancer is estimated as the incremental probability of developing cancer over a lifetime as a result of exposure to potential carcinogens cancer-causing substances.
In this definition, uncertainties include events which may or may not happen and uncertainties caused by ambiguity or a lack of information. It also includes both negative and positive impacts on objectives.
Many definitions of risk exist in common usage, however this definition was developed by an international committee representing over 30 countries and is based on the input of several thousand subject matter experts.
Other[ edit ] Very different approaches to risk management are taken in different fields, e. Risk can be seen as relating to the probability of uncertain future events. In computer science this definition is used by The Open Group. References to negative risk below should be read as also applying to positive impacts or opportunity e.
The related terms " threat " and " hazard " are often used to mean something that could cause harm. Practice areas[ edit ] Risk is ubiquitous in all areas of life and risk management is something that we all must do, whether we are managing a major organisation or simply crossing the road.
When describing risk however, it is convenient to consider that risk practitioners operate in some specific practice areas.
Economic risk[ edit ] Economic risks can be manifested in lower incomes or higher expenditures than expected.
The causes can be many, for instance, the hike in the price for raw materials, the lapsing of deadlines for construction of a new operating facility, disruptions in a production process, emergence of a serious competitor on the market, the loss of key personnel, the change of a political regime, or natural disasters.
Health[ edit ] Risks in personal health may be reduced by primary prevention actions that decrease early causes of illness or by secondary prevention actions after a person has clearly measured clinical signs or symptoms recognised as risk factors.
Tertiary prevention reduces the negative impact of an already established disease by restoring function and reducing disease-related complications. Ethical medical practice requires careful discussion of risk factors with individual patients to obtain informed consent for secondary and tertiary prevention efforts, whereas public health efforts in primary prevention require education of the entire population at risk.
Practice your math problem solving skills with our tests. Use a calculator only where necessary. You shouldn't need more than three lines of working for any problem. This essay will analysis Stevens V Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd () CLR 16 decision regarding the high court process in distinguishing between whether there was an relationship between the employer of employer/employee or employer/independent contractor. Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd () CLAW Case Analysis Introduction In Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd () 1 (Stevens v Brodribb) the distinction between employee and independent contractor is considered for the main issue of vicarious liability, but for the purposes of this analysis, the main focus will be on the employee/employer relationship.
In each case, careful communication about risk factors, likely outcomes and certainty must distinguish between causal events that must be decreased and associated events that may be merely consequences rather than causes. In epidemiology, the lifetime risk of an effect is the cumulative incidencealso called incidence proportion over an entire lifetime.
Health, safety, and environment HSE are separate practice areas; however, they are often linked. The reason for this is typically to do with organizational management structures; however, there are strong links among these disciplines. One of the strongest links between these is that a single risk event may have impacts in all three areas, albeit over differing timescales.
For example, the uncontrolled release of radiation or a toxic chemical may have immediate short-term safety consequences, more protracted health impacts, and much longer-term environmental impacts.
Events such as Chernobyl, for example, caused immediate deaths, and in the longer term, deaths from cancers, and left a lasting environmental impact leading to birth defects, impacts on wildlife, etc. Over time, a form of risk analysis called environmental risk analysis has developed.
Environmental risk analysis is a field of study that attempts to understand events and activities that bring risk to human health or the environment. As such, risk is a function of hazard and exposure. Hazard is the intrinsic danger or harm that is posed, e. Exposure is the likely contact with that hazard.In comparison to cases such as Humberstone v Northern Timber Mills and Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd, which appear to contribute to the show more content This decision is supported by the Quarman v Burnett case in which Parke B held that the wearing of uniforms was “evidence of the man being their servant”.
Practice your math problem solving skills with our tests. Use a calculator only where necessary. You shouldn't need more than three lines of working for any problem. The case Hollis v Vabu Pty Ltd confirms the long held doctrine that employers are vicariously liable for the negligence of their employees during the course of their employment.
In comparison to cases such as Humberstone v Northern Timber Mills and Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd[3. Case Analysis Stevens V Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd Introduction The Classification between an independent contractor and employee has raised a number of issues throughout the past 50 years.
Failing to create an effective formality to be applied by the courts to any particular case, it has lead to commercial uncertainty through Australia. Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd () CLAW Case Analysis Introduction In Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd () 1 (Stevens v Brodribb) the distinction between employee and independent contractor is considered for the main issue of vicarious liability, but for the purposes of this analysis, the main focus will be on the employee/employer relationship.
In comparison to cases such as Humberstone v Northern Timber Mills and Stevens v Brodribb Sawmilling Co Pty Ltd, which appear to contribute to the development of the application of common law to evolving social conditions, the Hollis v Vabu.