These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel A chronology of key events: Absolute monarchy - Anti-Rana forces based in India form alliance with monarch. Sovereignty of crown restored and anti-Rana rebels in Nepalese Congress Party form government.
Koirala In the midth century, Prithvi Narayan Shaha Gorkha king, set out to put together what would become present-day Nepal. He embarked on his mission by securing the neutrality of the bordering mountain kingdoms. After several bloody battles and sieges, notably the Battle of Kirtipurhe managed to conquer the Kathmandu Valley in A dispute with Tibet over the control of mountain passes and inner Tingri valleys of Tibet forced the Qing Emperor of China to start the Sino-Nepali War compelling the Nepali to retreat and pay heavy reparations to Peking.
At first, the British underestimated the Nepali and were soundly defeated until committing more military resources than they had anticipated needing. They were greatly impressed by the valour[ citation needed ] and competence of their adversaries.
Thus began the reputation of Gurkhas as fierce and ruthless soldiers. The war ended in the Sugauli Treatyunder which Nepal ceded recently captured lands as well as the right to recruit soldiers.
Madhesishaving supported the East India Company during the war, had their lands gifted to Nepal.
Ina plot was discovered revealing that the reigning queen had planned to overthrow Jung Bahadur Kunwar, a fast-rising military leader. This led to the Kot massacre ; armed clashes between military personnel and administrators loyal to the queen led to the execution of several hundred princes and chieftains around the country.
The king was made a titular figure, and the post of Prime Minister was made powerful and hereditary. The Ranas were staunchly pro-British and assisted them during the Indian Rebellion of and later in both World Wars.
Some parts of the Terai region populated with non-Nepali peoples were gifted to Nepal by the British as a friendly gesture because of her military help to sustain British control in India during the rebellion. Inthe United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship that superseded the Sugauli Treaty of Rana rule was marked by tyranny, debaucheryeconomic exploitation and religious persecution.
Meanwhile, with the invasion of Tibet by China in the s, India sought to counterbalance the perceived military threat from its northern neighbour by taking pre-emptive steps to assert more influence in Nepal.
This led to the long Nepali Civil War and more than 12, deaths. On 1 Junethere was a massacre in the royal palace. King BirendraQueen Aishwarya and seven other members of the royal family were killed.
The alleged perpetrator was Crown Prince Dipendrawho allegedly committed suicide he died three days later shortly thereafter. Nevertheless, there is speculation and doubts among Nepali citizens about who was responsible. On 1 FebruaryKing Gyanendra dismissed the entire government and assumed full executive powers to quash the violent Maoist movement,  but this initiative was unsuccessful because a stalemate had developed in which the Maoists were firmly entrenched in large expanses of countryside but could not yet dislodge the military from numerous towns and the largest cities.
In Septemberthe Maoists declared a three-month unilateral ceasefire to negotiate. In response to the democracy movementKing Gyanendra agreed to relinquish sovereign power to the people. On 24 April the dissolved House of Representatives was reinstated. Using its newly acquired sovereign authority, on 18 May the House of Representatives unanimously voted to curtail the power of the king and declared Nepal a secular stateending its time-honoured official status as a Hindu Kingdom.
Although acts of violence occurred during the pre-electoral period, election observers noted that the elections themselves were markedly peaceful and "well-carried out".
Ram Baran Yadavthe first President of Nepal The newly elected Assembly met in Kathmandu on 28 Mayand, after a polling of constituent Assembly members, voted to form a new government,  with the monarchist Rastriya Prajatantra Partywhich had four members in the assembly, registering a dissenting note.
At that point, it was declared that Nepal had become a secular and inclusive democratic republic,   with the government announcing a three-day public holiday from 28—30 May. The king was thereafter given 15 days to vacate Narayanhity Palace so it could reopen as a public museum.
In Maythe Maoist-led government was toppled and another coalition government with all major political parties barring the Maoists was formed.Ancient. Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least eleven thousand years..
Nepal is first mentioned in the late Vedic Atharvaveda Pariśiṣṭa as a place exporting blankets, and in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country. The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era in which Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country.
In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in southern timberdesignmag.com of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of timberdesignmag.com centrally located Kathmandu Currency: Nepalese rupee (NPR).
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. Nepal has two mutually-exclusive power structures: one is the revolutionary movement led by the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), which has a powerful mass base among the people, a disciplined political militia in .
A chronology of key events in the history of Nepal, from to the present day.
ushering in period of increased political instability, A magnitude earthquake strikes Kathmandu and. UN News produces daily news content in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Kiswahili, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish, and weekly programmes in Hindi, Urdu and Bangla.
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