Combining the disciplines of literary theory and psychology… Prologue to a social movement In the aftermath of World War IIthe lives of women in developed countries changed dramatically. Household technology eased the burdens of homemaking, life expectancies increased dramatically, and the growth of the service sector opened up thousands of jobs not dependent on physical strength. It became a worldwide best seller and raised feminist consciousness by stressing that liberation for women was liberation for men too. Women who had been told that they had it all—nice houses, lovely children, responsible husbands—were deadened by domesticity, she said, and they were too socially conditioned to recognize their own desperation.
Women of all ages and classes demonstrated on a massive scale; the demonstrators were jailed, locked out of their meeting places, and thrown down the steps of Parliament. The ensuing mobilization by the WSPU of thousands of its members for voluntary participation in the war industries and support services was a highly influential factor in overcoming government resistance to WSPU aims.
In the voting age was lowered to The ensuing campaign attracted many educated, wealthy, and influential women to the cause, with resultant political professionalism, increased funding, and the development of massive parades and demonstrations in the major cities. Such groups supported various types of liberal reforms related to the rights of both men and women.
Three related conferences—in Mexico City ; Copenhagen ; and Nairobi, Kenya —did the same. That conference endorsed a nonbinding "Platform for Action.
During the s a militant feminist trend emerged in the United States. More significantly, feminist political organizations arose that developed into a full feminist movement by the s. The ERA was approved by the U.
House of Representatives in and by the Senate in On June 30,however, ratification of the ERA fell three states short of the 38 needed by that deadline. Later congressional efforts to reintroduce the measure have failed, although a number of states have added equal-rights clauses to their constitutions.
Women continue to make advances in the political field.
Although she was defeated in the primaries by Sen. Women have made considerable gains in the other political arenas.
Inthere were 2 women serving in the U. Senate and 28 in the U. Following the elections 17 female senators and 75 female representatives were serving, including 3 nonvoting delegates. In JanuaryRep.
She was chosen House minority leader after the Republican party won control of the House in Also, 6 women were governors in In JanuaryHillary Clinton succeeded Rice as secretary of state.
How to Cite This Article:The women's liberation movement was a collective struggle for equality that was most active during the late s and s.
It sought to free women from oppression and male supremacy. The movement consisted of women's liberation groups, advocacy, protests, consciousness raising, feminist theory. Watch video · Social activist, writer, editor and lecturer Gloria Steinem was born in Ohio in Steinem helped create New York magazine in the s, .
The women's liberation movement (WLM) was a political alignment of women and feminist intellectualism that emerged in the late s and continued into the s primarily in the industrialized nations of the Western world, which effected great change (political, intellectual, cultural) throughout the world.
The WLM branch of Radical feminism, . The women's liberation movement was a collective struggle for equality that was most active during the late s and s.
It sought to free women from oppression and male supremacy. The movement consisted of women's liberation groups, advocacy, protests, consciousness raising, feminist theory.
History of the modern — Women's Liberation Movement — in their own words. Hidden from History, Years of Women’s Oppression and the Fight Against It, Sheila Rowbotham, Woman as a Force in History, Mary Beard, The New Political Democracy & the Rise of the Woman Movement, Mary Beard, On the publication of The Second Sex, Simone de Beauvoir, A Brief History of Women's Rights Movements.
The Women's Liberation Movement, which was social rather than political and was manifested in literature and demonstrations by radical feminists, may have raised the awareness of the nation to the prevalence of discriminatory beliefs and attitudes.
The force of the women's rights movement.